Environmental Protection and the China Advantage

by Antonios J. Bokas

Abstract: China has adhered to various types of Emissions Trading Systems since the late 20th century. However, in order to maximize their economic output, China has circumvented emissions restrictions by retaining its status as a developing nation. While China has made substantial progress in reducing intranational pollution, critics contend they are simply exporting pollution to other nations. The US must take charge of its bilateral relationship with China if it desires to maintain its status as the leader of international environmental protection efforts.

Environmental Protection and the China Advantage

Forced Labor in Imported Computers and Electronics

by Antonios J. Bokas

Abstract: Evidence from public reports and research indicates forced labor operations are used in China and Malaysia to manufacture computers and electronics, which are imported into the US. Further research reveals that mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for minerals essential to computers and electronics is influenced by militia gangs that also utilize forced labor. Recommendations for detecting and preventing forced labor situations in supply chains are therefore examined and provided.

Forced Labor in Imported Computers and Electronics

Chinese Activity in the South China Sea

by Antonios J. Bokas

Abstract: China has strong economic and military interests in the South China Sea. However, it demonstrably over-utilizes its military capability against nearby nations to the point of diplomatically and politically isolating itself from them. The US should build its alliances with nearby nations in the Indo-Pacific in order to counter Chinese aggression. US alliances that exploit China’s recklessness could force them to capitulate to accepted norms of the region or shift away from South China Sea dependency in the long-term.

Chinese Activity in the South China Sea

Chinese Intellectual Property Theft

by Antonios J. Bokas

Abstract: China uses disinformation and backdoor methods of intimidation to obtain US intellectual property in bad faith. They will continue to steal US intellectual property unless the US better enforces proprietary rights and counters Chinese disinformation in US media. The two largest factors that motivate China to comply with US intellectual property laws are fear of retaliation and economic dependency. If both of these factors are removed, China will further exploit US intellectual property to the point of harming the US economy permanently.

Chinese Intellectual Property Theft